Leech is an Annelid worm belonging to class Hirudinea
The scientific name of the most common Leech found in India is Hirudinaria granulosa
It belongs to the class Hirudinea of the phylum Annelida.
We know that coelom first appeared in the Annelids and hence they are the first true coelomates. Coelom is the secondary body cavity lined on both sides by mesoderm.
So, it is obvious that leech also is a coelomate.
The excretory structures of leech are nephridia.
These are paired organs present in particular segments. In leech, there are approximately 17 pairs of nephridia.
The class of the leeches i.e. Hirudinea
is so named because the members of this class secrete a peptide from their salivary gland- hirudin.
Hirudin is an anticoagulant agent. As leeches are hematophagous (feed on blood) in nature, such anticoagulants are required to keep the host’s blood from coagulating while they are being fed by the suckers. Botryoidal tissues invade coelom. The tissue consists of masses of cells which are excretory in function. The cells are of two types: granular botryoidal cells and flattened cells. Some of these contain brown pigments.
So, from the above explanation we can conclude that leeches have nephridia, coelom, botryoidal tissue and hirudin also. All of these are characteristic features of leech.So, the correct option is ‘all of the above’.Note:
Besides Hirudinaria granulosa
, there are several other leeches
commonly found such as Hirudo sp., Haemadipsa sp., Glossiphonia sp.