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The botanical name of jute
A. Linum usitatissimum
B. Corchorus capsularis
C. Hibiscus sabdariffa
D. Crotalaria juncea

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Last updated date: 11th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: In the volume produced and number of applications, jute is among the most inexpensive natural fibres, and second one is the cotton. Jute fibres consist mainly of cellulose and lignin in plant materials.

Complete Answer:
Jute is a fibre that is long, soft, shiny and can be spun into thick, sturdy threads. It is mainly derived from plants of the genus Corchorus, once known as Tiliaceaee.
Now, let us find the solution from the options-
- The botanical name for flax seeds is Linum usitatissimum. Thus, option A is not the correct option.
- In the family Malvaceae, Corchorus is a genus of around 40-100 species of flowering plants tropical and sub - tropical regions around the world. In various ways, different common names have been used, with jute added to the fibre generated from the plant and mallow-leaves utilised as a vegetable for the leaves. Tossa jute (Corchorus olitorius) is a strain believed to be indigenous to India, and is also the top producer in the world. For both fibre and culinary purposes, it is grown.
- The botanical name for Roselle is Hibiscus sabdariffa. Thus, option C is not the correct option.
- The botanical word for sunn hemp is Crotalaria juncea. Thus, option D is not the correct option.

Thus, the correct answer is option (B) Corchorus capsularis.

Note: A simple alluvial land and standing water are needed for the jute plant. The monsoon climate, during the monsoon season, provides an acceptable climate for rising jute (warm and wet).