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The behavior of temporary gases like carbon dioxide approaches that of permanent gases such as nitrogen, oxygen etc.., as we go?A.Below critical temperatureB.Above critical temperatureC.Above absolute zeroD.Below absolute zero

Last updated date: 27th Feb 2024
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Hint:Temporary gases have strong intermolecular forces and attraction. So, they can be easily liquefied and hence, critical temperature would be higher. Permanent gas is a gas believed to be incapable of liquefaction. They remain in constant relative quantities over time.

-The critical temperature is the measures to identify the strength of inter- molecular forces of attraction. It is the temperature at and above which vapor of the substance cannot be liquefied, no matter how much pressure is applied. Every substance has a critical temperature.
-Temporary gases have strong intermolecular forces and attractions. So, they can be easily liquefied and hence, critical temperature would be higher.
-Thus, above critical temperature, the liquefaction behavior of temporary gases approaches that of permanent gases.
-Liquefaction of gas occurs when the intermolecular forces of attraction reach a point that they become capable to bind the gas molecules together to convert it into a liquid state
-Higher the critical temperature, faster is the liquefaction of the gas.
We have a graph below which highlights critical temperature and critical pressure. Let’s have a look.

-The liquid gas line slopes up to the right. One way to think about this is that as molecules move faster , the attractions they have for each other becomes less effective .But if the gas is compressed enough, the molecules will bump into each other so often that they will eventually start to stick together and become a liquid.
-However, if the temperature gets high enough, the particles are moving so fast, that they will act independently even if they are packed tightly together. This temperature is called critical temperature.
-At that temperature, the liquid gas line becomes, essentially, a vertical line with all areas to the right of that line occupied by the gas phase.
-The point on the graph where the liquid gas line reaches the critical temperature and becomes a vertical line is called critical point and the temperature at which this happens is called the critical temperature.

Hence, option B is correct.