What is the term used for two solutions having the same osmotic pressure at a given temperature?
Hint: We know that osmotic pressure is the minimum pressure that needs to be carried out to an option to prevent the inward waft of its pure solvent through a semipermeable membrane. It is also described as the degree of the tendency of an approach to absorb pure solvent by way of osmosis.
Complete answer: Boiling is the process of a liquid turning into vapour when subjected to heat. A substance boils when the heat reaches the boiling temperature of the substance. This is a phase change and it is a physical process, not a chemical reaction. Boiling point is the temperature at which the phase of any substance changes from liquid to vapour. Next we have vapour pressure. Vapour pressure is the pressure exerted by the gas on liquid (or solid) in a closed system at a particular temperature. It is the upward pressure that the molecules of the liquid face when they are trying to leave the surface of the liquid through evaporation. In simple words, we can say that it is the pressure which is exhibited by the vapour present above the liquid surface. Ability osmotic pressure is the most osmotic pressure that might develop in an answer if it had been separated from its natural solvent by way of a semipermeable membrane. Osmosis takes place whilst solutions containing exceptional concentrations of solute are separated through a selectively permeable membrane. Solvent molecules skip preferentially via the membrane from the low-awareness option to the solution with better solute awareness. The switch of solvent molecules will continue until equilibrium is attained. Therefore, the term used for two solutions having same osmotic pressure at a given temperature is Isotonic.
Note: Remember that isotonic solutions have the same water awareness on both aspects of the cellular membrane. Blood is isotonic. Tap water and pure water are hypotonic. A single animal cell like a crimson blood cell placed in a hypotonic solution will refill with water after which burst.