Sucrose is found in which of the following foodstuffs? A. Milk B. Honey C. Sugarcane D. Orange
Hint: Sucrose is a common type of sugar. It's a disaccharide, which means it's made up of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is a naturally occurring sugar that is refined from plants.
Complete answer: Sucrose is extracted and refined for human consumption from either sugarcane or sugar beet. Sugar mills, which are typically located in tropical regions near sugarcane growing areas, crush the cane and produce raw sugar, which is then shipped to other factories for refining into pure sucrose. Sugar beet factories are located in temperate climates where the beet is grown and directly process the beets into refined sugar. The raw sugar crystals are washed before being dissolved into a sugar syrup, which is then filtered and passed over carbon to remove any residual color. Sugar is made up of glucose and fructose, which are bound together to form sucrose, which is derived from sugar beets or sugar cane and is more commonly known as table sugar. Fructose and glucose are largely independent of one another in honey. Sucrose is found in almost all plants, but only sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) and sugar beets have high enough concentrations (Beta vulgaris). The sugar syrup is then concentrated by boiling under a vacuum and crystallized as the final purification process to produce clear, odorless, and sweet crystals of pure sucrose. Sugar is frequently used as an additive in food production and recipes. In 2017, approximately 185 million tonnes of sugar were produced globally.
Thus, Sucrose is found in sugarcane. so, the answer is option C: sugarcane.
Note: Sucrose is especially dangerous for tooth decay because Streptococcus mutans bacteria convert it into a sticky, extracellular, dextran-based polysaccharide that allows them to cohere and form plaque. Bacteria can only produce this sticky polysaccharide using sucrose as sugar.