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Study the following lists.

Agar-agarI) Saccharomyces
BiofertilizerII) Basidiomycetes
MushroomsIII) Red algae
B-VitaminsIV) Blue green algae
V) Vibrio

The correct match is
A)(A)- (V), (B)- (I), (C)- (IV), (D)- (II)
B)(A)- (IV), (B)- (II), (C)- (III), (D)- (V)
C)(A)- (II), (B)- (III), (C)- (V), (D)- (IV)
D)(A)- (III), (B)- (IV), (C)- (II), (D)- (I)

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: In retaining healthy health and well-being, B vitamins play a crucial role. B vitamins have a strong effect on the energy levels, brain activity, and cell metabolism as the building blocks of a healthy body. Complex vitamin B helps avoid infections and helps improve or promote cell health.

Complete answer:
Agar is a natural component of polysaccharide (starch) isolated from some red algae species, such as Gelidium, Gracilaria, etc.
Organisms that enrich the nutritional content of the soil are biofertilizers. Cyanobacteria are the primary reservoirs of biofertilizers (blue-green algae). Anabaena, Nostoc etc. are the dominant nitrogen-fixer blue-green algae.

Basidiomycota are hyphae-composed filamentous fungi that replicate sexually by the development of specialized club-shaped end cells called basidia, which normally contain external meiospores (usually four). This covers classes such as mushrooms, puffballs, etc.
Several B vitamins are present in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. That include vitamin B1 (thiamin), vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), vitamin B7 (biotin) and vitamin B9, respectively (folic acid).

Hence, the correct answer is option (D)

Note: Agar, or agar-agar, is commonly used for growing microorganisms as a cultural tool. The substance itself is the result of microorganisms as well. Agarose from the polysaccharide complex, agar, is purified. A neutral gel matrix that is widely used in gel electrophoresis shapes this filtered fraction.