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State whether the following statements are true or false.
The substance in which a solute dissolves is called a solvent.

Last updated date: 16th Jul 2024
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Hint: We need to understand solutions and the definitions of the participants in a solution. A solution is a kind of homogeneous mixture made up of two or more substances in chemistry. A solute is a liquid that is dissolved in another material, known as a solvent, in such a combination. The mixing of a solution takes place at a rate where the effects of chemical polarity are present, resulting in solvation-specific interactions.

Complete answer:
We must have to know that a solute is a liquid that has been dissolved in another substance, referred to as a solvent. If the solvent makes up the most of the mixture, as is always the case, the solution takes on the condition of the solvent. The concentration of a solution, which is a measure of the amount of solute in a given amount of solution or solvent, is a significant parameter. If one of the solvents is water, the word "aqueous solution" is used. The solvent is usually the material that is available in the largest quantity. Gases, liquids, and solids are also examples of solvents. Solutes are all elements other than the solvent that are found in a solution. The solution and the solvent are in the same physical state.
Hence, it can be rightly said that the substance in which a solute dissolves is called a solvent. Therefore, the given statement is true.

It must be noted that liquid noble gases, molten metals, molten salts, molten covalent networks, and molecular liquids can also act as solvents in general. The majority of solvents used in chemistry and biochemistry are molecular liquids. They are divided into polar and non-polar groups based on whether or not their molecules have a permanent electric dipole moment. Another difference is whether or not their molecules are capable of forming hydrogen bonds (protic and aprotic solvents). The most widely used solvent, water, is both polar and capable of sustaining hydrogen bonds.