Child labour is a type of crime in which children are forced to work at a very young age and to assume their responsibilities just like adults by participating in economic activities. According to the International Labour Organization (ILO), there is an age limit for children that children up to the age of 15 will not involve in any kind of forced labour. It is a child employment in any kind of work that makes children deprived of childhood, adequate education, physical, mental and social well-being. It is totally forbidden in some countries but has been an international concern in most countries as it destroys the future of children to a large extent.
This is a serious issue (a big social problem) in most developing countries. Children from small age groups participate enormously work of children . They avoid the fact that children are the great hope and future of the nation. Millions of children have been deprived of childhood and adequate education in our country, which is a dangerous sign. These children do not have the chance to lead a healthy life because they are not satisfied physically, mentally and socially from their childhood.
Under Indian law, children under the age of 14 cannot be used for any form of forced labour, whether by the parents or the owner in a factory, office or restaurant. This is a common practice in India as well as in other developing countries in a small industry, domestic help, restaurant service, stone breakage, shop assistant, all household industries, binding, etc.
What are the causes of child labour?
There are various reasons for job children in our country. Some of the causes of work of children in the world are similar but differ from country to the other. The most common reasons are poverty, repression of the rights of the child, inadequate education, limited rules and laws on work of children etc. Here are some important points about the causes of child labour:
• Poverty and the high rate of unemployment in developing countries are the main reason for work of children .
• According to UN statistics from 2005, more than a quarter of people in the world live in extreme poverty.
• Lack of access to regular education in many countries. In 2006, about 75 million children left school.
• Violating child labour laws opens the way for an increase in work of children in all developing countries.
• Inadequate social control gives rise to work of children in agriculture or domestic work.
• Limited rights of children or workers who affect to a large extent the standards of job and living conditions in order to eliminate the work of children .
• Small children get involved in the work of children to increase the income of their family to manage twice the food.
• They are hired by industries to get more work at a cost of workforce reduced.