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Removal of stomach causes
A) Dumping syndrome
B) Turner’s syndrome
C) Emphysema
D) None of the above

Last updated date: 19th Jun 2024
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Hint:The stomach is a muscular gland found on the left side of the higher abdomen. The stomach contains various kinds of enzymes, Hydrochloric acid and catalysts that absorb food.

Complete answer:
Before we find out the correct option let us know a little about the stomach. The stomach takes food from the oesophagus. As food enters the edge of the oesophagus, it enrols the stomach by a muscular flap named the lower esophageal sphincter.
>Option A: Dumping syndrome is a disease that happens after the removal of the stomach through an operation. In this complex, the contents of the stomach leak too fast into the small intestine. The inadequately assimilated food brings more of the liquid into the small intestine. This occurs in symptoms like vomiting, cramping, diarrhoea, faintness, sweating, and pulsations. Therefore this is the correct option.
>Option B: Turners syndrome is only caused in females and it is caused when one of the X chromosomes is either partially missing or completely missing. Therefore, this is the incorrect option.
>Option C: Emphysema is a condition which is concerned with the lungs and not the stomach. Therefore, this is the incorrect option. In this condition, the person experiences shortness of breath as the alveoli of the lungs are damaged.
>Option D: As one of the options is correct, therefore, this is the incorrect option.

Thus, the correct answer is option (A) Dumping syndrome.

Additional Information: The stomach has three central roles:
>Temporary storage for food, which moves from the oesophagus to the abdomen where it is kept for 2 hours or more.
>Mixing and disruption of food.
>Rest of the muscle layers in the abdomen and assimilation of food.

Note:The dumping syndrome is divided into two,
i) The early dumping disease is caused by the unexpected appearance of a large quantity of food in the abdomen. This points to the rapid flow of liquid into the intestine, which creates distress, bloating, and diarrhoea.
ii) Late dumping disease is caused when the body releases a large quantity of insulin.