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Prudential reasons of power sharing are _____________.
A.The stability of political order
B.To reduce the possibility of conflict between social groups
C.A fair share to minority
D.All of these

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Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Power-sharing as a concept describes a system of governance in which all major segments of society are provided with a share of power mainly to engender consensus and compromise in deeply divided societies, unlike strict government vs. opposition systems.

Complete answer: Options A, B and C: are incorrect because although the three reasons mentioned in these options are correct, none of them is mutually exclusive.

Option D: is correct. The prudential reasons for power sharing include the desired stability of political order and the reduction of the possibility of conflict or violence between social groups. This is done to maintain civility and possibly harmony between different social groups otherwise it results in the tyranny of the majority over the minority.
There are also moral reasons for power-sharing which embody the spirit of democracy. A democratic government is supposed to function for the people and is elected by the people, therefore, the concept of power-sharing legitimises citizens consent to be governed as everyone has a stake in the system. In modern democracies, there are different forms of power-sharing such as among different organs of the government (legislature, executive and judiciary); among governments at different levels (federal, state and local); among different social groups; and among non-statutory bodies (political parties, pressure groups, movements, etc.)

Thus, Option D is a correct answer.

Note: One example of power-sharing is the accommodation of the majority Dutch-speaking community and the minority French-speaking community in Belgium by giving them equal representation in central Government, parity of the state governments with the central government and the establishment of community government for each language community— Dutch, French and German-speaking.