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Prove that Pancreas is an endocrine as well as exocrine gland.

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Last updated date: 05th Mar 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: The pancreas is an organ with a gland. In the abdomen, it is situated about six inches long. It is a pear-shaped organ with mechanistic digestion that produces insulin that helps in breaking down foods and other vital enzymes and hormones.

Complete answer:
The pancreas has two primary roles: it produces enzymes to digest, fats, carbohydrates, and proteins in the intestinal tract and produces insulin and glucagon metabolites. Endocrine glands are ductless which specifically secrete their products, hormones into the bloodstream.

The endocrine cells in the pancreatic cells that produce insulin and glucagon and trace amounts of other hormones into the blood are the alpha and beta cells. Insulin as well as glucagon affect the concentration of sugar levels. When the blood sugar level is low glucagon is released and stimulates the liver to inject glucose into the blood. The rate of sugar absorption and metabolism of many of these body cells is increased by insulin.

Exocrine glands are glands that naturally produce products through a channel into the epithelial layer. These glands help in secreting substances into a set of the duct system, bile, and pancreatic juice, through the intestinal tract, and endocrine since they specifically release other substances into the blood. The pancreas is also a key organ in diabetes due to its role in the regulation of blood glucose.

Additional information:
The whole body may be affected by problems with the pancreas. Besides, food would not be adequately processed if the pancreas does not produce sufficient digestive enzymes. This might cause diarrhoea and loss of weight. The islets of Langerhans are liable for blood glucose regulation. In the pancreas, cancer might grow. The precise reason is often mysterious, but smoking and heavy drinking is often related to it. A fasting diet may allow the pancreas to rebuild itself, helping people with diabetes to consume no more than 20 g of fat per day to avoid calories and Drinking plenty of water to make sure hydration.

Note: Glucose levels in blood plasma are the main factor influencing the secretion of insulin and glucagon. Low blood sugar triggers the release of glucagon, whereas high blood sugar triggers the production of insulin. The production of these hormones also impacts other factors. Some amino acids, which have been the by-products of protein metabolism, induce the secretion of glucose and glucagon. Somatostatin serves as an antagonist of insulin and glucagon.
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