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How many protons are found in an atom of platinum?

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Last updated date: 28th Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
Answer
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Hint: For calculating the number of protons in an atom we have to see about the atomic number of that atom, because Atomic number \[\left( Z \right)\] of an atom is always equal to the number of protons existing inside the nucleus or number of electrons present outer the nucleus in the orbitals.

Complete step by step answer:
Platinum is a compound element with the appearance \[Pt\] and atomic number \[{^{78}_{195}}Pt\]. It is a thick, moldable, bendable, profoundly lifeless, valuable, silverish-white progress metal. Its name is gotten from the Spanish expression platino, signifying "minimal silver".
Platinum is situated in the Groups \[8-10{\text{ }}\left( {VIIIb} \right)\], Periods \[\;5\] and \[6\], of the periodic table and denoted by the symbol as \[{^{78}_{195}}Pt\].
-Upper quantity in \[{^{78}_{195}}Pt\] describes the atomic number \[\left( Z \right)\] of the platinum atom.
-Lower quantity in \[{^{78}_{195}}Pt\] describes the atomic mass \[\left( A \right)\] of the platinum atom.
As we see that relative between the atomic number and number of protons present inside the nucleus is denoted as follow:
Atomic Number \[\left( Z \right)\] = No. of protons = No. of electrons
-From the denotation of platinum it is clear that the atomic number of platinum is \[\;78\], so the number of protons in the platinum atom is also \[\;78\] . Hence, in the nucleus of one atom of platinum \[\;78\] protons are found.

Additional information:
Number of protons present inside the nucleus in an atom is also calculated by knowing the atomic mass \[\left( A \right)\] and number of neutrons as follow atomic mass \[\left( A \right)\] and number of neutrons as follow:
Atomic mass \[\left( A \right)\] = No. of protons +No. of neutrons.

Note:
Here some of you may get disorganized on conniving the number of protons if atomic mass \[\left( A \right)\] and atomic number \[\left( Z \right)\] both are given, then in this situation always keep in mind that atomic number is equal to the number of protons.
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