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Powerhouse of the cells are

Last updated date: 21st Jun 2024
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Hint: Since they create ATP, which is an energy-dense molecule responsible for powering most cellular processes in a living organism, the organelle is considered the powerhouse of the cell.

Complete answer:
Mitochondria is known as the cell powerhouse. Mitochondria is the organelle responsible for the production of energy in a cell. As it takes food and provides energy for the other parts of the cell, this is the most vital part of the cell.

Mitochondria characteristics
1.These organelles of cells are exclusively present in eukaryotic cells.
2.With an intricate inner structure, Mitochondria is a double-membraned organelle.
3.In order to form structures called cristae, the internal layers are tightly folded.
4.For chemical reactions to occur, these structures have a wide surface area.
5.With cellular respiration, mitochondria generate energy, specifically aerobic respiration.
6.The cell's function determines the number of mitochondria present. Muscle cells, for example, have more mitochondria as they require more energy, whereas red blood cells passively travel through the bloodstream, on the other hand, so they have no mitochondria.
7.Different cell types have different mitochondrial numbers. Only one or two mitochondria are present in some simple cells. Complex animal cells, however, which need a lot of energy, such as muscle cells, may have thousands of mitochondria.

The role of mitochondria is to provide the cell with energy. Cells use a special molecule called adenosine triphosphate for energy (ATP). The powerhouse of the cell is called the mitochondria.
They are named so because they create ATP, which is an energy-dense molecule that in a living organism is responsible for powering most cellular processes. The mitochondria will replicate as the cell requires more energy by becoming larger and then dividing.
Some mitochondria will die if the cell needs less energy.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C)

Note: Other essential mitochondrial functions
1.Metabolism of cellular matter
2.Heat development in the body
3.Controlling calcium concentration
4.Manufacturing particular steroids.