Hint: It is the force of your blood pushing against the walls of your arteries. When our heartbeats, it pumps the blood into arteries. It is highest when your heart beats, pumping the blood. This is called systolic pressure. When your heart is at rest, between beats, it will fall. This is called diastolic pressure.
High blood pressure can cause serious medical problems. Reacting to stress in high blood pressure can increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes due to the increase of blood flow in blood vessels. So, to avoid stress is one of the precautions for persons having a high vital sign.
Additional information: High blood pressure usually has no symptoms. So the only thanks to determining if you've got it's to urge regular vital sign checks from your health care provider. Your provider will use a gauge, a stethoscope or electronic sensor, and a vital sign cuff. He or she before making a diagnosis will take two or more readings separately.
You have a high vital sign if your readings show that
Your systolic is 140 or higher OR
Your diastolic is 90 or higher
Some providers may consider you to possess high vital sign if you've got other heart risk factors and
Your systolic is between 130 and 139 OR
Your diastolic is between 80 and 89
Blood pressure readings above 180 /120 are dangerously high and need immediate medical attention.
So the correct answer is ‘(d) Avoid emotional disturbances and excitement’.
Note: Anyone can develop high vital sign, but there are certain factors which will increase your risk:
Race/Ethnicity - High vital sign is more common in African American adults
Weight - People having overweight or are obese may develop high blood pressure
Sex - Men are found to be having more blood pressure problems before age 55 than women. After age 55, women are more likely than men to develop it.
Lifestyle - Certain lifestyle habits can raise your risk for high blood pressure, such as eating too much sodium (salt) or not enough potassium, lack of exercise, drinking too much alcohol, and smoking.
Family history - A family having a history of high blood pressure will result in developing high blood pressure among progenies.