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p-chlorotoluene on nitration gives:

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint:In this question, first we will learn about nitration, what happens when a chlorotoluene undergoes nitration, electrophilic addition and activating group.

Complete answer:
$ - C{H_3}$ being an activating group, coordinates the approaching electrophile. Nitration of p-chlorotoluene produces a combination of 66% 4-chloro-2-nitrotoluene and 34% 4-chloro-3-nitrotoluene.
What is a Chlorotoluene?
Chlorotoluene is a gathering of three isomeric substance mixes. They (ortho-chlorotoluene, meta-chlorotoluene, and para-chlorotoluene) comprise of a disubstituted benzene ring with one chlorine particle and one methyl group.

Additional information:
What is nitration?
Nitration is a process by which a nitro gathering $(N{O_2})$ is introduced to organic molecules. All the more regularly, the term is applied to an electrophilic replacement response of an aromatic moiety by a $(N{O_2})$ group. This is normally achieved by treating the aromatic compound being referred to with a combination of concentrated sulphuric and nitric acids.
What is an electrophile?
In chemistry, an electrophile is a compound that structures bonds with nucleophiles by tolerating an electron pair. Since electrophiles acknowledge electrons, they are Lewis acids.
What is electrophilic addition?
In organic chemistry, an electrophilic addition is a reaction where, in a chemical compound, a π bond is broken and two new σ bonds are shaped. The substrate of an electrophilic addition must have a double bond or triple bond.

You need to remember about the nitration process to find-out what actually happens when a compound under-goes nitration. You need to remember the nitration process of haloarenes. One need to remember how the activating groups coordinate with electrophile.