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Out of \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{C}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] and \[{\text{CuC}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\], which is more stable and why?

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Last updated date: 19th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: As we know that in chemistry, periodic tables play a vital role. In the periodic table totally \[118\] elements. In the periodic table there are totally \[18\] columns and \[7\] rows. The columns are called groups. Hence, \[18\] groups in the periodic table. The rows are called as period. Hence, totally \[7\] period in the table. Copper is one of the metallic elements in the periodic table. It is present in the first transition series.

Complete answer:
We must remember that each element in the periodic table has a certain group and period. In that case copper is one of the elements in the period. The atomic number of copper is \[29\] and the symbol of copper is \[{\text{Cu}}\]. The mass number of copper is \[63.5\].
The general electronic configuration of copper in ground state is \[{\text{1}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{,2}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{2}}{{\text{p}}^{\text{6}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{p}}^{\text{6}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{d}}^{\text{9}}}{\text{4}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}\] . Because of stability we can change the electronic configuration of copper is \[{\text{1}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{,2}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{2}}{{\text{p}}^{\text{6}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{s}}^{\text{2}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{p}}^{\text{6}}}{\text{3}}{{\text{d}}^{10}}{\text{4}}{{\text{s}}^1}\].
Out of \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{C}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] and \[{\text{CuC}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\], \[{\text{CuC}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] is more stable than \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{C}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\]. Because the oxidation of copper in \[{\text{CuC}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] is \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 2}}}}\]. But the oxidation state of copper in \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{C}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] is \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 1}}}}\].
Copper has two oxidation states. There are \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 2}}}}\] and \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 1}}}}\] . The stability wise \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 2}}}}\] is more stable than \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}^{{\text{ + 1}}}}\]. That the reason \[{\text{CuC}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\] is more stable than \[{\text{C}}{{\text{u}}_{\text{2}}}{\text{C}}{{\text{l}}_{\text{2}}}\].

Note:
We must have to remember that the atomic number of the element is nothing but the number of electrons or number of protons. The mass number of the atom is nothing but the sum of number of protons and number of neutrons. We also know that copper is one of the transition metals in the period. The nature of the copper is metallic solid. In the modern period, copper plays a vital role in industrial development. In our body also copper plays a vital role through hemoglobin in the blood.