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Name the scientist who first discovered penicillin antibiotics. Can you name any other known antibiotic?

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: The antibiotics are the substances that are made from the microorganisms like the bacteria, fungi etc. to treat against the other pathogens that cause disease to the humans. The antibiotics kill the bacteria by attacking the wall of the pathogens and slowly suspends its growth.

Complete Answer:
- Penicillin was the first known antibiotic which was discovered by Alexander Fleming in the year.
- This antibiotic is obtained from the Penicillium notatum, the fungi which is able to kill the wide range of the bacteria like streptococcus, meningococcus and the diphtheria bacillus.
- Hence these antibiotics are used to cure the diseases that are caused by these bacteria like pneumonia, scarlet fever, infections in the mouth, ear, gum, throat, and the other respiratory diseases.
- It is also used to treat the narrow range of the gram positive and the gram negative bacteria.

Other known antibiotics:
Some other antibiotics that are known are amoxicillin, ampicillin, bacampicillin, carbenicillin, tetracycline, cephalosporin, quinolones etc. Antibiotics like tetracycline, vancomycin, and streptomycin are made from the bacteria whereas the antibiotics like penicillin, cephalosporin etc. are obtained from the fungi.

Note: Penicillium is the fungi that is of ascomycete’s type. They are mainly present in the areas like food spoilage, in natural environments and also in the production of the food and the drugs. Some species of the Penicillium may also cause disease in the humans called penicilliosis.