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Name the part of the neuron where information is acquired.

Last updated date: 25th Jun 2024
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Hint: It is one or more cytoplasmic processes arising from the cyton. It is a small-sized structure and always transfers the nerve impulse towards the Dendron (part of the neuron), so are afferent in nature.

Complete answer:
Information is acquired at the end of dendrites by the neuron. Dendrites are the first part of the neuron where the information is first received. The dendrites form synapses by the ends of Dendron with other neurons. Synapses are the point of contact where one neuron communicates with another.
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Additional Information: -Nerve cells are the longest cells of the human body.
-A cyton is the part of the neuron and contains the following structures:
1. A large spherical and centrally placed nucleus with the single nucleolus.
2. Numerous fine threads called neurofibrils, for conduction of nerve impulses.
3. Several basophilic granules are called Nissl’s granules, which help in protein synthesis.
4. A large number of mitochondria to provide high energy for the conduction of impulses
-Some features of the axon are:
1. An axon or nerve fiber is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, in the vertebrates. It is formed of neoplasm with only neurofibrils but no Nissl’s granules.
2. Each axon is covered by a plasma membrane called axolemma and its inner cytoplasm is called axoplasm.

Note: The neuron is the basic working unit of the brain, which is a specialized cell designed to transmit information to other nerve cells, muscle, or gland cells. Synaptic vesicles are present at the end of each axon which contains neurotransmitter molecules that help in the transmission of impulses from one neuron to another neuron.