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Name the non metallic which can split easily into thin sheets. Mention its uses.

Last updated date: 15th Jun 2024
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Hint: Mica is a non-metallic mineral that can easily split into thin sheets. Mica is used in many products ranging from drives, paints, fillers, especially for automobiles, roofing and shingles, electronics, etc.

Complete answer:
Mica is a group of minerals whose outstanding physical feature is that individual mica crystals can be easily divided into extremely thin elastic plates. This feature is described as a complete baseline crack. Mica is common in igneous and metamorphic rock and is sometimes found in small sediments in sedimentary rock. It is particularly prominent in many granites, pegmatites, and scholars, and "books" (large individual crystals) of several feet of asbestos have been found in some pegmatites.

The mica group contains 37 phyllosilicate minerals. Mica is translucent in opaque with a distinct solute or pear luster, and various mica minerals are white to green or red to black. The mica deposits are flaky or flaky. The tetrahedral sheet consists of silica tetrahedra, which are silicon ions surrounded by four oxygen ions. The tetrahedra each share three of their four oxygen ions with neighboring tetrahedra to form a hexagonal sheet. The remaining oxygen ion is available for bonding with the octahedral sheet.

Commercially important mikes are Muscovite and Phlogopite, used in a wide variety of applications. The value of mica is based on its many unique physical properties. The crystalline structure of asbestos forms layers that can be divided or divided into thin sheets, which usually cause foliation in rocks. These sheets are chemically inert, dielectric, elastic, flexible, hydrophilic, insulating, lightweight, layered, reflective, refractory, flexible, and range from opaque to transparent to opaque.

Note: Ground mica is used in the drilling industry as a drilling fluid. Roughly ground asbestos flakes help prevent circulation loss by sealing porous sections of the drill hole. Mica remains stable when exposed to electricity, light, moisture and extreme temperatures. It has superior electrical properties as an insulator and as a dielectric, and can support an electrostatic field while dissolving minimum energy as heat.