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Name the most abundant protein in the Animal world and Plant world.

Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Hint: There are many essential macronutrients found in our body like; carbohydrates, protein, vitamins, etc. protein is the macromolecules that are involved in many cellular functions of the body and also involved in chemical reactions as enzymes.

Complete Answer:
- Protein is a macronutrients that is important to form our muscle mass. Protein is composed of amino acids that are organic compounds formed from carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur or oxygen.
- Amino acids are considered as the building blocks of proteins. The proteins are involved in metabolic reactions and also involved in the immune system. The protein is the end product of the translational process that involves formation of amino acid chains through messenger RNA.
- The protein is made of amino acid chain; the amino acid is an organic compound that consists of a carbon atom in the center that is linked to the amino group, a carboxyl group, and a hydrogen atom. Multiple amino acids linked together through peptide bonds to form a protein.
- The peptide bonds are formed from biochemical reactions that extract molecules of water as it joins the amino group to the carboxyl group of the neighboring amino acid.
- Now, collagen is the most abundant protein found in animals that covers 30% of the total protein content of an animal's body. This protein involves providing structure, strength, and integrity to the body. RuBisCO is the most abundant protein found in plants. This protein is involved in catalyzation of primary chemical reaction through that inorganic carbon enters to the biosphere.

Note: The secondary structure of protein is the spontaneous structure formed just before the protein folds to form tertiary structure. It is defined by the pattern of hydrogen bond form between the amino hydrogen and carboxyl oxygen atoms in the backbone of the peptide.