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Name the hormone that lowers the blood sugar level.
(A) Adrenaline
(B) Estrogen
(C) Glucagon
(D) Insulin

Last updated date: 18th Jun 2024
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Hint: The hormones are secreted by the glands that are either endocrine or the exocrine in nature. These hormones help in stimulating the body functions at the proper time. The exocrine glands are sweat and the salivary glands. The endocrine glands secretes hormones internally in the bloodstream.

Complete Answer:
The food that we eat converted into the glucose to provide the energy. If no energy is required all the glucose gets converted into glycogen and stored in the muscles, liver etc. When the energy is enquired in the later time, all the glycogen that is stored in the liver and the muscles get converted into glucose to release energy. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas that permits your body to utilize sugar (glucose) from starches in the food that you eat for energy or to store glucose for some time later.
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- Insulin helps in the maintenance of the glucose level in the body from getting excessively high or excessively low. The glucagon helps in converting glycogen to the glucose for the energy release. The two hormones need to work in association with one another to keep blood glucose levels adjusted.
- Glucagon is delivered because of low blood glucose levels and to work whereby the body needs extra glucose, for example, in light of enthusiastic exercise. Estrogen is any of a gathering of steroid hormones which advance the turn of events and maintenance of the female characteristics of the body.
- Adrenaline is a hormone that is emitted by the adrenal medulla in light of pressure and expands pulse, beat rate, and circulatory strain and raises the blood levels of glucose and lipids.

Thus the option (D) is correct.

Note: If the insulin is not secreted by the pancreas, the glucose does not convert into glycogen and there will be more glucose in the body. This condition is called hyperglycemia. If there is overproduction of the insulin, there will be less glucose in the blood called hypoglycemia.