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Name the endocrine gland associated with brain
(a) Pituitary
(b) Adrenal
(c) Thyroid
(d) Pancreas

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Important gland which directly or indirectly controls all other glands by their secretions present in the bony depression called sella turcica of solenoid bone.

Complete answer:
A small unpaired round body that is located just beneath the hypothalamus is the pituitary gland. It is attached to the stalk called the infundibulum. It is an endocrine gland associated with the brain. Sella turcica of solenoid bond is the bony depression where the pituitary gland is present.

Additional Information: - pituitary gland has a dual origin. The anterior part of the pituitary develops from Rathke's pouch which is an oral region embryonic outgrowth. The posterior pituitary develops from the outgrowth of the hypothalamus floor.
- anterior pituitary produces six important hormones that control metabolic functions in the body: growth hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotropic harmony, follicle-stimulating hormone, and luteinizing hormone.
- oxytocin and vasopressin are two important hormones secreted by the posterior pituitary.
- on the anterior part of each kidney, a pair of glands called adrenal glands are present. They are also called suprarenal glands
-The largest endocrine gland that lies close to the body surface in the junction of the larynx and trachea is the Thyroid gland
- the mixed gland that is located posterior to the stomach is called the pancreas
- The endocrine glands that are associated with the brain are the pineal gland and the pituitary gland.
So, the correct answer is 'pituitary'

Note: -Another name for the pituitary gland is hypnosis. The anterior pituitary is also called adenohypophysis and the posterior pituitary is also called neurohypophysis.
-The pituitary gland is controlled by a master control center called the hypothalamus.