Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

What was the name of the political club headed by Maximilian Robespierre?
A. Cordeliers
B. Feuillants
C. Jacobian
D. Girondins

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
Total views: 387.6k
Views today: 10.87k
387.6k+ views
Hint: During the time of revolutionary wars in Europe people faced losses and economic difficulties. A large section of the population was convinced that there is no end to it as the Constitution of 1719 gave political rights to the rich section. This gave rise to political clubs. The most successful was headed by Maximillian Robespierre in Paris.

Complete answer: Political clubs became an important forum for the people who wanted to discuss government policies and execute their own forms of action. The most successful of these clubs was the Jacobians headed by Maximilien Robespierre. The members of the club belong to the middle or lower section of the society. They included pastry cooks, artison such as shoemakers, small shopkeepers, watchmakers, servants, daily wage workers etc. A group of Jacobins decided to start wearing clothes that could set them apart from the fashionable section of the society, especially nobles; it was a way of proclaiming the end of the Power wielded by the nobles.
-Cordeliers was a radical leftist political club which split from the Jacobins in 1970 under the leadership of George Denton and Camille Desmoulins. Together with left Jacobians, they constituted the Mountain in Parliament.
-Feuillants was a political club of centre-right constitutional Munnar case who held the majority in parliament Hindi legislative assembly era. In 1791 the split from the Jacobins and disappeared.
-Girondins were initially called as Brissotins named after their leader Jacques Pierre Brissot. They were a group of liberal Republicans who were supported by wealthy bourgeoisie class. They were regarded as the right-wing of jacobians.
Therefore the correct answer is option-C.

Note: Members of Jacobins came to be known as sans-culottes, meaning without Knee breeches which were worn by nobles. These men also wore a red cap that symbolises liberty. However, women were not allowed to do so.