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Last updated date: 07th Dec 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Mrichchhakatika means ___________.
A. Horse cart
B. Sand Cart
C. Clay cart
D. Bullock Cart

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Hint: The Indian playwright Shudraka was credited to three Sanskrit parts, Mrichchhakatika, Vinavasavadatta and Padmaprabhritaka, Bhana (short monologue of an one act).

Complete answer:
The Little Clay is a Sanskrit ten-act theatre credited to şūdraka, a former playwright probably dating from CE, the prologue identifies as a Kshatriya and a 100-year-old devotee of Siva.

Poverty is one of the topics of Shudraka's Little Clay Cart. Chrudatta, the main character, lives in poverty and stays in a downhill home. Nevertheless, the members in his neighbourhood regard him as a respectable citizen. The author exposes Chrudatta's embarrassment about his economic situation.

The play was played during the reign of King Pālaka in the ancient town of Ujjayini, at the end of the Pradyota dynasty which made up the first quarter of the fifth century BCE

The title of the "Little Clay Cart" is the deviation of Sanskrit tradition, in which the hero and heroine of a prakarana are usually named after.

Mṛcchakaṭika remains one of the most popular and mostly performed in the West of all Sanskrit dramas. After several successful 19th century translations and stage productions, Gérard de Nerval, Joseph Méry and a highly romanticised adaptation from France entitled Le Chariot d'enfant premiered in Paris in 1850 played important roles in the development of Indian theatre by European viewers, and Victo played a critically acclaimed "anarchist" interpretation.

Therefore, from the above discussion we can state that the correct option is C. Clay Cart.
“ Mrichchhakatika means clay cart .”

Note: The main theme of the play is infidelity. Dishonesty is the main theme of the play. While the author shows the repercussions of an adultery, he also points to the fact that true love prevails as a reunification of Chrudatta and Vasantasena.