How many members are there in the Cabinet mission?
A)3
B)5
C)7
D)4

Answer
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Hint: 1)The Cabinet Mission took place in 1946.
2)The main objective of the Cabinet Mission was to find ways and means of peaceful transfer of power in India.
3)The Cabinet Mission consisted of a few members symbolising the desire for Indian unity.

Complete answer:
The Cabinet Mission came to India inorder to discuss the transfer of powers from the British Government to the Indian leadership with a view to preserving the unity and independence of India. The mission was formulated at the initiative of Clement Attlee who was the then Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.The members of the mission are Sir Stafford Cripps who was the President of the Board of Trade, Lord Pethick-Lawrence who was the Secretary of State for India, and the last member was V Alexander who The First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Wavell, the Viceroy of India, did not take part in every step but was present and divided into three groups: A, B and C clusters.
The Cabinet Mission also sought to propose measures for the formation of a Constitution for the manufacture of machinery and also to set up an Interim Government.

The recommendations of the Cabinet Mission were as follows:
(1) The Federation should be formed by the whole of India, including the Princely States.
(2) The central government should be in charge of foreign affairs, defence and communications.
(3) All other powers should be exercised by the provinces and the States.

Following are the given alternatives:
a)Three members are there in the Cabinet Mission. Thus, Option A is correct.
b)The Cabinet mission did not have five members. Thus, Option B is incorrect.
c)The Cabinet mission did not have seven members.Thus, Option C is also incorrect.
d)The Cabinet mission did not have four members. It had only three members. Thus, Option D is incorrect.

Hence, the correct answer is option (A)

Note: Some of the main reasons for the failure of the Cabinet Mission are given below:
1)The Congress Party wanted a strong centre with minimal powers for the provinces.
2)The Muslim League wanted strong political safeguards for Muslims, such as parity in the legislature.
3)Since both parties had many ideological differences and were unable to find common ground, the mission came up with its own set of proposals in May 1946.
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