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Match the columns.

Column I Column II
a. Down's Syndrome p. An additional sex chromosome
b. Cri-du-chat Syndrome q. Loss of a part of chromosome 5
c. Klinefelter's Syndrome r. Absence of sex chromosome
d. Turner's Syndrome s. Presence of an extra chromosome
t. Presence of two extra chromosomes

A. a-s, b-q, c-p, d-r
B. a-t, b-s, c-p, d-q
C. a-s, b-p, c-q, d-r
D. a-s, b-q, c-r, d-p

Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Hint: When there is the presence of a lot of clinical signs and manifestations which are connected and regularly connected with a specific illness or turmoil, then it is called a syndrome. However, at such a point where the disorder matches with an unmistakable reason, this becomes an infection. In the case of Syndrome, a youngster can show fanatical conduct and is uninterested in the other individuals who could be an indication of Asperger's Syndrome.

Complete answer: Down syndrome is a condition wherein a youngster is brought into the world with an additional duplicate of their 21st chromosome — thus its other name, trisomy 21. Down's disorder causes an unmistakable facial appearance, scholarly incapacity, and formative postponements. It might be related to thyroid or coronary illness. The extra incomplete or full duplicate of the 21st chromosome, which causes Down syndrome, can be inherited from either the dad or the mother.
Cri-du-chat syndrome, otherwise called 5p-condition, is a chromosomal condition that occurs when a bit of chromosome 5 is absent. Children with this condition regularly have a piercing cry that seems like that of a feline. The issue is described by scholarly handicap and deferred improvement, little head size (microcephaly), low birth weight, and frail muscle tone (hypotonia) in the earliest stages.
Klinefelter syndrome (KS), otherwise called 47, XXY, is the arrangement of side effects that result from at least two X chromosomes in males. The essential highlights are barrenness and little ineffectively working gonads. Frequently, manifestations are unobtrusive, and subjects do not understand they are influenced.
Turner's syndrome results from an absent or inadequate sex chromosome. Indications incorporate short height, deferred pubescence, barrenness, heart absconds, and certain learning inabilities. Treatment includes hormone treatment. Fertility treatment might be essential for women who need to get pregnant.
Thus, Option (A) a-s, b-q, c-p, d-r is the correct answer.

Down's Syndrome is a hereditary issue brought about by the presence of all or part of the third duplicate of chromosome 21. Cri-du-chat Syndrome is a hereditary condition that is brought about by the erasure of hereditary material on the little arm of chromosome 5. Babies with this condition regularly have a piercing cry that seems like that of a feline. Klinefelter syndrome is a sex chromosome issue in young men and men that outcomes from the presence of an additional X chromosome in cells. Turner's condition is a chromosomal issue wherein a female is brought into the world with just a single X chromosome.