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Match the column.

i) Trichodermaa) Deuteromycetes
ii) Yeastb) Basidiomycetes
iii) Bread mouldc) Phycomycetes
iv) Smutd) Ascomycetes

A)i-d, ii-a, iii-c, iv-b
B)i-a, ii-d, iii-b, iv-c
C)i-a. ii-d, iii-c, iv-b
D)i-a, ii-c, iii-b, iv-d

Last updated date: 04th Mar 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: Trico derma greatly decreases the growth of pathogenic microorganisms in plants and controls the rate of growth of plants.
Yeast, or Saccharomyces cerevisiae, is a single-cell organism that requires food, warmth, and moisture to survive. Via fermentation, it converts the food-sugar and starch- into carbon dioxide and alcohol. This is the carbon dioxide that triggers the growth of baked goods.
Bread mold occurs on decaying bread and vegetable matter.
Multicellular fungi distinguished by their high number of teliospores are the smuts.

Complete answer:
Fungi imperfecti are sometimes referred to as Deuteromycetes. This is an artificial class of fungi and it contains all those fungi that are either absent or not identified in the sexual stage. Trichoderma is a genus of fungi that belongs to the class Deuteromycetes and is found in all soils.

Ascomycetes are fungi that develop microscopic spores, known as asci, within rare, elongated cells or sacs. The yeast, Aspergillus, contains ascomycetes.
The lower fungi are phycomycetes, which usually form a non-septate mycelium. They are ubiquitous saprophytic species present in refrigerators, bread, dirt, and are widely known as molds of bread.

In basidiomycetes, rather than being enveloped inside cells, the spores form on projections that grow out of microscopic cells called basidia. Multicellular fungi distinguished by their high number of teliospores are the smuts. Because of their commonalities surrounding sexual reproduction, the smuts are associated with the other basidiomycetes.

Hence, the correct answer is option (C)

Note: 1)Deuteromycetes are an artificial community of fungi, of which about 15,000 species occur, sometimes referred to as "fungi imperfecti" because their only recognized mode of reproduction is asexual.
2)With a wide range of environments, yeast is commonly distributed in nature. They are commonly found, as in dirt, on plant leaves, flowers, and fruits. Yeast is also present on the surface of the skin and in warm-blooded animals' intestinal tracts, where they can reside symbiotically or as parasites.
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