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Mass spectrum of lead is given as, the relative atomic mass of lead is?
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Last updated date: 21st Jul 2024
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Hint: A mass spectrum is defined as the distribution of ions by the use of mass spectrophotometer or mass spectrograph. Mass spectrometer is used to determine the molecular weight of an unknown sample.

Complete answer:
This method is very effective in the laboratories to find the unknown atomic weight.
To solve this question, we need to have basic knowledge about isotopes.
So, isotopes are the two or more types of the atom that have the same atomic number but different atomic weight.
Here, in the diagram, we are given the mass spectrum of different isotopes of the lead.
\[Pb\] \[ - \] \[206\] Shows a peak absorption of mass spectrum at \[23.6\% \]
\[Pb\] \[ - \] \[207\] Shows a peak absorption of mass spectrum at \[22.6\% \]
\[Pb\] \[ - \] \[208\] Shows a peak absorption of mass spectrum at \[53.8\% \]
So, let’s calculate the atomic mass:
Formula to calculate the atomic mass using mass spectrum,
Atomic weight \[ = \dfrac{{(206 \times 23.3 + 207 \times 22.6 + 208 \times 53.8)}}{{100}}\% \]
\[ = 207.302\% \]
So, the atomic mass of lead, based on the given mass spectrum is \[ = 207.302\% \]

It is measured using an instrument known as a spectrophotometer. It is a sensitive and specific process. The main applications of mass spectrophotometry is in proteomics i.e. in the study of proteins about their structure, interactions with other molecules and their mass. Other than in proteins, the mass spectrometry is useful in microbiological fields like in drug identification and to find the contamination in the food items, pesticide residue analysis. Mass spectroscopy is also found useful in carbon dating.