What is the major edible part of a brinjal fruit (egg plant)? A) Pericarp B) Thalamus C) Placenta D) Style
Hint:Brinjal belongs to family Solanaceae. The fruit of brinjal is a berry which contains several small and soft edible seeds. Both the skin and seeds are eaten after cooking.
Complete Answer: Fruit is a ripened ovary enclosing seed. After fertilisation, the ovules develop into seeds. Solanum melongena or brinjal is an edible fruit. It is a purple, spongy absorbent fruit. The fruit type is a berry. >Berry is a fleshy fruit without a stone which is produced from a single flower containing one ovary. Berry is the most common type of fleshy fruit in which the entire outer layer of the ovary ripens into edible pericarp. Berries are formed from one or more carpel from the same flower. The seeds are embedded in the fleshy interior of the ovary. Other examples of berries are potato, tomato. >Thalamus -Thalamus means the receptacle. In several fruits, the thalamus is fleshy and is eaten. Eg- apple. >Placenta- Placenta supplies nutrition to the embryo. In certain plants like tomato, placenta is also edible. >Style- It is the structure within the flower which connects stigma and ovary. The style is edible in saffron plants.
Thus the correct answer is (A).Edible part of eggplant is pericarp.
Note:The pericarp is the fleshy part of the fruit. It has three layers:-the epicarp which is the outermost layer, the mesocarp or the middle layer and the endocarp or the inner layer which surrounds the seed.