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Last updated date: 29th Nov 2023
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MVSAT Dec 2023

Lord Chelmsford was the Viceroy of India at the time of the Jallianwala Massacre.
a) Yes
b) No

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Hint: The Jallianwala Bagh massacre, also known as the Amritsar massacre, occurred on April $13$, $1919$, in Jallianwala Bagh, Amritsar, Punjab, when Acting Brigadier-General Reginald Dyer directed British Indian Army troops to shoot rifles into a crowd of unarmed Indian civilians, killing at least $379$ people and injuring over $1,200$ others.

Complete answer:
When the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre happened on April $13$, $1919$, Lord Chelmsford was the Viceroy of India. Jallianwala, also spelt Jallianwala, was an incident on April $13$, $1919$, in which British troops opened fire on a huge crowd of unarmed Indians in the Jallianwala Bagh in Amritsar, Punjab region (now Punjab state) of India, killing hundreds of people and injuring many more. It was the prelude to Mohandas (Mahatma) Gandhi's complete devotion to the cause of Indian nationalism and independence from Britain, and it marked a turning point in India's modern history in that it left a lasting scar on Indo-British relations.

The British government of India introduced a series of repressive emergency powers to suppress subversive activities during World War I ($1914 - 18$). By the end of the war, the Indian people had high hopes that those restrictions would be relaxed and that India would be granted more political autonomy. In $1918$, the Montagu-Chelmsford Report was submitted to the British Parliament. In reality, the Montagu-Chelmsford Report, which was submitted to the British Parliament in $1918$, recommended restricted local autonomy. Instead, in early $1919$, India's parliament passed the Rowlatt Acts, which effectively expanded the country's oppressive wartime steps.

The correct option is ‘A’ i.e, Yes.

Note: People gathered at Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) to protest the arrest of Satya Pal and Dr Saifuddin Kitchlew, two nationalist leaders. General Dyer, a British military officer, stormed the park with his men, ordering them to shoot.