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Liquids have _______.

seo-qna
Last updated date: 13th Jul 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Before solving this question, we should know what States of matter: All the materials we see every day are composed of matter. We can divide the matter into further sub-categories based on the intermolecular forces and particle structure such as solid, liquid and gas.

Complete answer:
Solid- The particles present in the solid are packed tight because the distance between them is very small, to compress them is difficult. Their shape and volume are definite. The particles can vibrate only about their mean position and due to its rigid nature, it cannot move. The force of attraction between them is extremely high and the rate of diffusion is very slow.
Example: Ice, wood, rock etc.
Liquid- When we compare it with solids, the particles in a liquid are arranged in a way they are less tightly packed. They take the shape of the container in which it is stored. There is less space between the particles, so they cannot travel and it is difficult to compact them. It has fixed volume but not fixed shape, the rate of diffusion is greater than of solids.
Example: Water, milk etc.
Liquids have more compressibility than solid.

Note:
The third type of state of matter is Gas- The distance between the particles of gases is very large. The force of attraction between the particles in gas is negligible, they move around freely. They don’t have definite volume as well as shape. Gases have the highest compressibility compared to solid and liquid. They have higher kinetic energy than the solid and liquids.
Example: Nitrogen, helium, hydrogen etc.