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Is $ C{O_2} $ a covalent bond?

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Last updated date: 16th May 2024
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Answer
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Hint : $ C{O_2} $ is a covalent bond. A covalent bond is the interatomic linkage that results from the sharing of an electron pair between two atoms. The binding arises from the electrostatic attraction of their nuclei for the same electrons. Carbon dioxide is made up of one carbon atom, two oxygen atoms. There are four covalent bonds in one molecule of carbon dioxide. Carbon and oxygen are non-metals, thus we know carbon dioxide is a covalent compound.

Complete Step By Step Answer:
The type of bond between atoms in a molecule of carbon dioxide is polar covalent bond. In a carbon dioxide molecule, a carbon atom is joined by four covalent bonds to two oxygen atoms, which have two covalent bonds each.
One atom of carbon combines with two atoms of oxygen to form the compound carbon dioxide; only the outer shell of carbon's electrons are shown. The carbon dioxide molecule is held together by the strong $ C = O $ . Carbon oxygen double covalent bonds by sharing electrons.
Carbon and oxygen have two bonds each between their atoms. This is called a double bond. In carbon dioxide gas because the electrons are shared, not transferred from one atom to another.

Additional Information:
Covalent bonds can be single, double, and triple bonds. Single bonds occur when two electrons are shared and are composed of one sigma bond between the two atoms. Double bonds occur when four electrons are shared between the two atoms and consist of one sigma bond and one pi bond.

Note :
We can break the covalent bonds of carbon dioxide by using the existing technique to electrochemically break carbon dioxide into pieces that will chemically react using a catalyst made of platinum. But platinum is a rare, expensive metal.


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