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Inflammation of the lungs covering causing severe chest pain is
A. Emphysema
B. Pleurisy
C. Asphyxia
D. Hypoxia

Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Hint: Various kind of disease occur due to pollutant inhalation either biological in origin like bacteria, viruses and pollen allergens or chemical like volatile organic carbon, Carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, heavy metal as metal fumes in air, such pollutant cause respiratory disease like pulmonary edema, destruction of inner lining of lungs and many more.

Complete answer:
Inflammation of the lungs is caused by the condition called pleurisy, which causes severe chest pain. Pleura is the lining of the lungs which protects the lung and gets inflammation due to retention of fluid between two layers of pleura which is called pleural effusion. The tow layer of pleura is named as visceral pleura and the inner one is parietal pleura.
Pleurisy can be caused by a variety of conditions such as infection by bacteria, fungi, viruses, parasites or in case of TB, Exposure to ammonia or any other chemical fumes, lupus rheumatoid arthritis, mesothelioma.

Symptoms of pleurisy:- chest pain, shortness of breath, pain in chest cavity some time shoulder pain.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Additional information:
> Option A:
Emphysema is a lung related disease in which the alveoli of the person get damaged due to long term exposure to irritants that rupture the alveoli sac which perform the exchange of gases in the lungs. The consumption of cigarettes can cause this disease, because cigarettes possess hundreds of toxic substances that cause cancer.

> Option C:
Asphyxia is the abnormal condition for breathing due deficient supply of oxygen in the body that causes asphyxiation condition.

> Option D:
Hypoxia is a condition in which a person suffers lack of oxygen in the body, it may arise by many factors such as moving from low altitude to high altitude, consuming carbon monoxide, air pollution.

Note: Several factor are responsible for damaging the lungs and cause various respiratory disease, such allergy, running nose, cough, TB, lung cancer and many more other disease, the major cause which damage our lung is air pollution, which I cause by various factor such as using of fossil fuel, burning of biomass.