# In the function $f\left( x \right) = \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + ax} \right) - \log \left( {1 - bx} \right)}}{x},x \ne 0$ is continuous at $x = 0$, then $f\left( 0 \right) = $

A. $\log a - \log b$

B. $a + b$

C. $\log a + \log b$

D. $a - b$

Last updated date: 24th Mar 2023

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Answer

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Hint: Use property of limits i.e. $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + x} \right)}}{x} = 1$

Given function $f\left( x \right) = \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + ax} \right) - \log \left( {1 - bx} \right)}}{x}$

For $f\left( x \right)$to be continuous, we must have $f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} f\left( x \right)$

Put the value of$f\left( x \right)$, we get

$f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{\log (1 + ax) - \log (1 - bx)}}{x}$

Multiply and divide the equation with $a$ and $ - b$, we get

$f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{a\log (1 + ax)}}{{ax}} - \dfrac{{\left( { - b} \right)\log (1 - bx)}}{{ - bx}}$

We know that, $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + x} \right)}}{x} = 1$

$

\therefore f\left( 0 \right) = a.1 + b.1 \\

f\left( 0 \right) = a + b \\

$

Hence, the correct option is B.

Note: Graphing a function or exploring a table of values to determine a limit can be cumbersome and time-consuming. When possible, it is more efficient to use the properties of limits, which is a collection of theorems for finding limits.

Given function $f\left( x \right) = \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + ax} \right) - \log \left( {1 - bx} \right)}}{x}$

For $f\left( x \right)$to be continuous, we must have $f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} f\left( x \right)$

Put the value of$f\left( x \right)$, we get

$f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{\log (1 + ax) - \log (1 - bx)}}{x}$

Multiply and divide the equation with $a$ and $ - b$, we get

$f\left( 0 \right) = \mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{a\log (1 + ax)}}{{ax}} - \dfrac{{\left( { - b} \right)\log (1 - bx)}}{{ - bx}}$

We know that, $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to 0} \dfrac{{\log \left( {1 + x} \right)}}{x} = 1$

$

\therefore f\left( 0 \right) = a.1 + b.1 \\

f\left( 0 \right) = a + b \\

$

Hence, the correct option is B.

Note: Graphing a function or exploring a table of values to determine a limit can be cumbersome and time-consuming. When possible, it is more efficient to use the properties of limits, which is a collection of theorems for finding limits.

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