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# In order to prepare one liter 1N solution of $KMn{O_4}$, how many grams of $KMn{O_4}$ are required , if the solution is to be used in an acidic medium for oxidation?(A) 128 g(B) 41.75 g(C) 31.60 g(D) 62.34 g Verified
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Hint: The formula for Normality is, ${\text{Normality = }}\frac{{{\text{Weight of Solute}}}}{{{\text{Equivalent weight of Solute }} \times {\text{ Volume of solution}}}}$

Potassium permanganate will give the following reaction in acidic media.

$\mathop {KMn{O_4}}\limits_{Mn = + 7} + 5{e^ - } \to M{n^{ + 2}}$

Formula used: ${\text{Normality = }}\frac{{{\text{Weight of Solute}}}}{{{\text{Equivalent weight of Solute }} \times {\text{ Volume of solution}}}}$

Here, we are asked to find the weight of $KMn{O_4}$ required to form its one litre 1N solution. We can use the formula of normality and can easily find the weight of $KMn{O_4}$ required.
${\text{Normality = }}\frac{{{\text{Weight of Solute}}}}{{{\text{Equivalent weight of Solute }} \times {\text{ Volume of solution}}}}$

Here we are given the normality of the resultant solution, which is 1.

We will need to find the equivalent weight of $KMn{O_4}$ in order to use the formula of its normality.

-We know that $KMn{O_4}$ is neither an acid nor a base but it will give a redox reaction in an acidic medium. Let’s see how it will react.
$\mathop {KMn{O_4}}\limits_{Mn = + 7} + 5{e^ - } \to M{n^{ + 2}}$

So, we can say that the number of electrons gained in this reaction by a Manganese atom is 5.
So, we know that ${\text{Equivalent weight of Redox reagent = }}\frac{{{\text{Molecular weight of reagent}}}}{{{\text{Number of }}{{\text{e}}^ - }{\text{ lost or gained}}}}$

We can find the molecular weight of $KMn{O_4}$ by following the formula.
Molecular weight of $KMn{O_4}$ = Atomic weight of K + Atomic weight of Mn + 4(Atomic weight of O),
Molecular weight of $KMn{O_4}$ = 39 + 55 + 4(16),
Molecular weight of $KMn{O_4}$ = 39 + 55 + 64
Molecular weight of $KMn{O_4}$ = 158 $gmmo{l^{ - 1}}$.

So, we can write the formula of equivalent weight of $KMn{O_4}$ as,
${\text{Equivalent weight = }}\frac{{158}}{5}$,
${\text{Equivalent weight = 31}}{\text{.6}}$$gmo{l^{ - 1}}$.

So, we can write the Normality as,
${\text{Normality = }}\frac{{{\text{Weight of Solute}}}}{{{\text{Equivalent weight of Solute }} \times {\text{ Volume of solution}}}}$

We know that the equivalent weight of solute is 31.4 ${\text{gmol}^{ - 1}}$ and the volume of solution is given 1 liter. So,
$1 = \frac{{{\text{Weight of KMn}}{{\text{O}}_4}}}{{31.6 \times 1}}$
${\text{Weight of KMn}}{{\text{O}}_4} = 1 \times 31.6 \times 1$
${\text{Weight of KMn}}{{\text{O}}_4} = 31.6gm$

Hence we can say that we need to dissolve 31.6 g of potassium permanganate in order to prepare 1 liter 1N solution.

So, the correct answer is option (C) 31.60 g.

Note:

Do not get confused between Normality and Molarity, remember that Normality uses equivalent weight of solute and in molarity, molecular weight of solute is used. Remember that Potassium permanganate will gain 5 electrons in acidic medium and will get reduced while if the reaction is in neutral medium, then it will gain only 3 electrons in the process of reduction.
Last updated date: 24th Sep 2023
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