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In Jainism,'Perfect Knowledge ' is referred to as
A) Nirvana
B) Ratna
C) Kaivalya
D)Jina

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Last updated date: 13th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: Perfect knowledge means more often called “Perfect information. Jains believe that each jina reveals the same essential truths,according to the needs of the society and in the era in which he is born.

Complete answer:
A)Nirvana, or the liberation from cycles of rebirth, is the highest aim of the Theravada tradition. In the Mahayana tradition, the highest goal is Buddhahood, in which there is no abiding in Nirvana. Buddha helps liberate beings from saṃsāra by teaching the Buddhist path. There is no rebirth for Buddha or people who attain Nirvana. But his teachings remain in the world for a certain time as a guidance to attain Nirvana.

(B)Triratna or Ratnatraya in Jainism refers to three virtues viz. Samyak (Pure) Darshana, Samyak Gyan, Samyak Charitra. These three virtues together form a path to Moksha. This is mentioned in Tattvartha Sutra, a book by Poojya Acharya Umaswami in 2nd century CE.

(C) Kaivalya means knowing everything in Jainism. It is referred to as a person who has total and ‘supreme knowledge’. Kevala jnana has the concept which refers to the inert quality of all souls. This quality is enveloped by ‘karmic particles’ that surround the soul. According to their theory each soul has the ‘potential to gain’ total knowledge by wearing off the karmic particles. According to the Jain scriptures, there are ‘twelve stages’ through which the ‘soul reaches’ towards its goal of knowledge.

(D)The word ‘Jain ‘ is derived from jina or jaina which means the ‘Conqueror’. They believe that their religion consists of people who have managed to control and conquer their desires. Jainism does not have a single founder , instead believes that the truth comes to the world in difficult and different times by a teacher who shows the way or a Tirthankara .

Hence, the correct answer is option (C)

Note: Jain teachings are first preserved as an oral tradition,but later they were collated and recorded.In older times ,monks strictly followed the five great vows of Jainism.Jainism is an ancient religion that is rooted in the philosophy that teaches the way to liberation and a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence to all living creatures.