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If in a certain code, AUGUST is written as 26-19-4-17-14-14, then how would JANUARY be written as?
(A). 11-2-15-22-2-19-26
(B). 9-25-11-22-6-17-1
(C). 11-2-15-22-2-5-16
(D). 9-25-11-17-22-12-18

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: This particular question belongs to verbal reasoning. In this problem, we’ll try to find the code by writing the alphabet a to z and numbering them 1 to 26. We try to find the code and then in the same code we can write January.

Complete step-by-step answer:
First of all, we’ll try to get the code. For this, we’ll write all the alphabets from a to z and give them numbers from 1 to 26. It means we are actually assigning a particular number to a particular alphabet.

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZ
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242526



For example, if we want to mention H then we’ll say 8. That’s how this coding works. Now, we’ll use the given information to get the rule. The rule says AUGUST is written as 26-19-4-17-14-14.
Now to get the rule we’ll compare the actual positions of their alphabet and the given code as follows.

Sr. no.AlphabetGiven positionActual positionDifference
1A261-1
2U1921-2
3G47-3
4U1721-4
5S1419-5
6T1420-6



Here, the difference represents the direction of movement. For example, G has an actual position as 7 and it’s coded as 4 which is actual -3. We are coming 3 steps back. It would have coded 9 then we would have written +2. Also, it’s circular addition or subtraction like a clock. If we add 1 in 26 then it’ll be 1, not 27. That’s why A has an actual position as 1 and mentioned as 26. Because if we come 1 step back from 1 then it’ll be 26.
By observing from the above table, we can say, first place is coming 1 step back, second place is coming 2 steps back, and so on.
Now we’ll give code to the required word and that is JANUARY.

Sr. no.AlphabetActual PositionRuleValue
1J10Actual -19
2A1Actual -225
3N14Actual -311
4U21Actual -417
5A1Actual -522
6R18Actual -612
7Y25Actual -718



Hence, the code for JANUARY will be 9-25-11-17-22-12-18.
So, Option (D) is the correct option.

Note: Many students make mistakes to understand circular subtraction or addition. We would recommend students to visualize these numbers like a clock mentioned below and then proceed for further calculations. This image is just for understanding that’s why we only focus on 26 and 1 steps.

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