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# If $\dfrac{x}{\cos \alpha }=\dfrac{y}{\cos \left( \alpha -\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)}=\dfrac{z}{\cos \left( \alpha +\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)}$, then $x+y+z$ is equal toA.1B.0C.-1D. none of these Verified
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Hint: Here, this problem is solved with the trigonometric formulas. Firstly, we consider the above equation is equal to arbitrary constant ‘t’, then equalizing all, and using this trigonometric formula $\cos C+\cos D=2\cos \left( \dfrac{C+D}{2} \right)\cos \left( \dfrac{C-D}{2} \right)$ , then we evaluate the $x+y+z$and finally we find the correct option.

A function of an angle expressed as the ratio of two of the sides of a right triangle that contains that angle; the sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, or cosecant known as trigonometric functions.
Let us assume the given expression is equal to arbitrary constant ’t’
$\dfrac{x}{\cos \alpha }=\dfrac{y}{\cos \left( \alpha -\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)}=\dfrac{z}{\cos \left( \alpha +\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)}=t$
Here, we are equalizing all the individual terms to arbitrary constant ’t’, we are multiplied the denominator part of the x, y and z terms with constants ’t’, then we get
$x=t\cos \alpha$
$y=t\cos \left( \alpha -\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)$
$z=t\cos \left( \alpha +\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)$
Now, we are solving for the expression $x+y+z$, substituting the x, y and z values in the $x+y+z$
$\Rightarrow x+y+z=t\cos \alpha +t\cos \left( \alpha -\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)+t\cos \left( \alpha +\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)$
Here, we are taking the ‘t’ common from Right Hand Side, then we obtain
$\Rightarrow x+y+z=t\left( \cos \alpha +\cos \left( \alpha -\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)+\cos \left( \alpha +\dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right) \right)$
From the above equation, we have to apply the basic formula to evaluate,
As we now the cosine sum identity i.e., $\cos C+\cos D=2\cos \left( \dfrac{C+D}{2} \right)\cos \left( \dfrac{C-D}{2} \right)$
Evaluating the expression, on basis of the cosine sum identity We get
Here, $C=\alpha$and $D=\left( \dfrac{2\pi }{3} \right)$
Substituting the Cand D values in the expression we get
$\Rightarrow t\left( \cos \alpha +2\cos \alpha \cos \left( \dfrac{-2\pi }{3} \right) \right)$
We know that, $\cos \left( \dfrac{-2\pi }{3} \right)=\dfrac{-1}{2}$
On substituting,
$\Rightarrow t\left( \cos \alpha +2\cos \alpha \left( \dfrac{-1}{2} \right) \right)$
$\Rightarrow t\left( \cos \alpha -\cos \alpha \right)$
$=0$
Therefore, $x+y+z=0$

So, the correct answer is “Option B”.

Note: When solving trigonometry-based questions, we have to know the definitions of ratios and always remember the standard angles and formulas are useful for solving certain integration problems where a cosine and sum identity may make things much simpler to solve. Thus, in math as well as physics, these formulae are useful to derive many important identities.