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If a person has lost his memory in an accident, which of the following parts of the brain have gotten injured?
A. Diencephalon
B. Medulla oblongata
C. Cerebellum
D. Cerebrum

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Last updated date: 20th Jun 2024
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Answer
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Hint: If a person gets injured in an accident, he loses his memory because of the damage to the largest part of the brain which is responsible for logical functioning and higher brain functions such as actions and emotions.

Complete answer:
Let’s discuss each option thoroughly to imbibe the logical information-
A. Diencephalon- It divides the forebrain and is situated between the telencephalon and the midbrain. The diencephalon encases a pit called the third ventricle. The thalamus fills in as a center for tactile and motor impulses between the spinal rope and medulla oblongata, and the cerebrum. It perceives physical causes of warmth, cold, torment, pressure, and so forth. The floor of the third ventricle is known as the nerve center or hypothalamus. It has control areas for control of eye development and hearing reactions.

B. Medulla Oblongata- This segment of the mind moves messages to the spinal line and the thalamus, which is in the brain, from the body. The thalamus' principle capacity is to deal with data and from the spinal string and the cerebellum.

The medulla oblongata directs breathing, heart and vein work, absorption, sniffling, and gulping. This aspect of the mind is a middle for breath and flow—tangible and motor neurons (nerve cells) from the forebrain and midbrain travel through the medulla.

C. Cerebellum- The cerebellum gets data from the tangible frameworks, the spinal string, and different cerebrum pieces and afterward controls motor developments. The cerebellum facilitates coordinate movements, for example, pose, equalization, coordination, and discourse, bringing about a smooth and adjusted solid action. It is additionally significant for learning motor nerve practices.

D. Cerebrum- The cerebrum is partitioned into four areas, considered lobes that control names, thoughts, and developments. The four flaps are the occipital, fleeting, frontal, and parietal projections. Albeit every flap has an alternate errand to perform, they all must cooperate.

So, the correct answer is “option-D”.

Note:
While the mind weighs around three pounds, it is a profoundly unpredictable organ comprising numerous parts. Long periods of logical examination have made it workable for researchers to recognize the cerebrum's different zones and decide their capacities. The accompanying data gives a short portrayal of a portion of the significant pieces of the human mind.