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Identify the true statement regarding Mauryan dynasty in India.
A)Patliputra was the capital of the Mauryan Empire.
B)Ashoka was the first emperor in the Mauryan Dynasty.
C)Buddhism entered India during the rule of the Mauryan Dynasty.
D)None of these.

Last updated date: 25th Jun 2024
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Hint: The Mauryan Dynasty was established by Chandragupta Maurya with the help of Chanakya in 322 BC by overthrowing the Nanda Empire.

Complete answer:
Pataliputra was the capital of the Mauryan Dynasty set up by Chandragupta Maurya from 320 BC to 180 BC. During the reign of Ashoka, it became one of the largest cities and reached the pinnacle of prosperity.

The first emperor of the Mauryan Dynasty was Chandragupta Maurya as he set up the empire along with his mentor, Chanakya. Ashoka is the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya.

The emperor Ashoka was quite inspired by Buddhism and proliferated the faith among people. However Buddhism did not enter India during the reign of the Mauryan Empire but rather spread widely during Ashoka's reign.

Pataliputra is the capital of the Mauryan Empire and it is a correct statement. So one of the options is correct which rules out this option.

Hence, the correct answer is option (A)

Note: A brief history of the Mauryan Empire helped us to know the correct answer. A short depiction of the emperors Chandragupta Maurya and Ashoka also made it clear about which options are to be ruled out.