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Identify ‘A’ and ‘B’ in the following reaction?
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Last updated date: 17th Jul 2024
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Hint: The reactant in the given reaction of ethyne and the hydrogen atoms in the compound are very reactive due to which they can be easily replaced with the sodium atom. One of the products in the end will be sodium bromide.

Complete answer:
The given reaction in the question is a two-step reaction. The given reaction is:
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So, the reactant in the reaction is an alkyne because there is a triple bond present between the carbon atoms. Since there are two carbon atoms in the chain then its name will be alkyne. To form [A], the ethyne is treated with sodium elements. As the hydrogen atom, the ethyne is reactive because it is attached with an sp hybridized carbon atom. So, the sodium atom replaces the hydrogen atom in the ethyne, and the formed compound will be monosodium ethynide. Therefore, monosodium ethynide is a compound [A].
Now, this monosodium ethynide is treated with bromoethane. In monosodium ethynide, sodium is the positive part and in bromoethane, bromine is the negative part so, they will combine to form sodium bromide. The main product will be formed when the ethyl molecule will attack the ethynide. This will form But-1-yne. So, the compound [B] will be But-1-yne.
Both the reactions are given below:
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If you want to replace both the hydrogen atoms in the ethyne then you can treat the compound [A] again with sodium. This is a process in which we can convert the smaller alkynes to larger alkynes easily.