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How many bonds can carbon make?

Last updated date: 22nd Feb 2024
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IVSAT 2024
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Hint: Fundamentally, the valency of any element gives you the specific thought regarding the no. of bonds that specific element can form.

Complete step by step answer:
Carbon is a nonmetal in group \[14\] of the periodic table. Like other group \[14\] elements, carbon has four valence electrons. Valence electrons are the electrons in the external energy level of an atom that are associated with chemical bonds
Carbon contains four electrons in its outer shell. Therefore, it can form four covalent bonds with other atoms or molecules. The simplest organic carbon molecule is methane \[\left( {C{H_4}} \right),\] in which four hydrogen atoms bind to a carbon atom. Carbon frequently forms bonds with hydrogen. Compounds that contain just carbon and hydrogen are called hydrocarbons
In any case, structures that are more complex are made utilizing carbon. Any of the hydrogen atoms can be supplanted with another carbon atom covalently bonded to the primary carbon atom. Thus, long and branching chains of carbon compounds can be made. The carbon atoms may bond with atoms of different elements, for example, nitrogen, oxygen, and phosphorus. The molecules may also form rings, which themselves can interface with different rings.

Note: This variety of sub-atomic structures represents the variety of elements of the organic macromolecules and is put together to a huge degree with respect to the capacity of carbon to frame different bonds with itself and different atoms.
An exceptionally basic ring structure contains six carbon atoms in a ring, each bonded in a tetrahedral arrangement, as in the hydrocarbon cyclohexane, \[{C_6}{H_{12}}\] Such ring structures are frequently essentially spoken to as standard polygons in which each apex represents a carbon atom, and the hydrogen atoms that complete bonding requirements of the carbon atoms are not appeared
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