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How do you simplify $-{{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$?

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Last updated date: 24th Jun 2024
Total views: 375k
Views today: 10.75k
Answer
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Hint:We first explain the process of exponents and indices. We find the general form. Then we explain the different binary operations on exponents. We use the identities to find the simplified form of $-{{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$ with positive exponents.

Complete step by step solution:
We know the exponent form of the number $a$ with the exponent being $n$ can be expressed as ${{a}^{n}}$. In case the value of $n$ becomes negative, the value of the exponent takes its inverse value.
The formula to express the form is ${{a}^{-n}}=\dfrac{1}{{{a}^{n}}},n\in {{\mathbb{R}}^{+}}$.
If we take two exponential expressions where the exponents are $m$ and $n$.
Let the numbers be ${{a}^{m}}$ and ${{a}^{n}}$. We take multiplication of these numbers.
The indices get added. So, ${{a}^{m+n}}={{a}^{m}}\times {{a}^{n}}$.
The division works in an almost similar way. The indices get subtracted.
So,
$\dfrac{{{a}^{m}}}{{{a}^{n}}}={{a}^{m-n}}$.
We also have the identity of ${{a}^{mn}}={{\left( {{a}^{m}} \right)}^{n}}$.
For given expression $-{{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$, we find the value of ${{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$.
For our given expression ${{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$, we find the prime factorisation of 216.
$\begin{align}
& 2\left| \!{\underline {\,
216 \,}} \right. \\
& 2\left| \!{\underline {\,
108 \,}} \right. \\
& 2\left| \!{\underline {\,
54 \,}} \right. \\
& 3\left| \!{\underline {\,
27 \,}} \right. \\
& 3\left| \!{\underline {\,
9 \,}} \right. \\
& 3\left| \!{\underline {\,
3 \,}} \right. \\
& 1\left| \!{\underline {\,
1 \,}} \right. \\
\end{align}$
Therefore, $216={{2}^{3}}\times {{3}^{3}}$. Taking cube root and applying ${{a}^{mn}}={{\left(
{{a}^{m}} \right)}^{n}}$, we get
${{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}={{\left( {{2}^{3}}\times {{3}^{3}} \right)}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}={{2}^{3\times
\dfrac{1}{3}}}\times {{3}^{3\times \dfrac{1}{3}}}=6$. We can also express as
${{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}={{\left( {{6}^{3}} \right)}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}={{6}^{3\times \dfrac{1}{3}}}=6$.
So, $-{{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}=-6$
Therefore, the simplified form of $-{{216}^{\dfrac{1}{3}}}$ is $-6$.

Note: The addition and subtraction for exponents works for taking common terms out depending on the values of the indices.
For numbers ${{a}^{m}}$ and ${{a}^{n}}$, we have ${{a}^{m}}\pm {{a}^{n}}={{a}^{m}}\left( 1\pm {{a}^{n-m}} \right)$.the relation is independent of the values of $m$ and $n$. We need to remember that the condition for ${{a}^{m}}={{a}^{n}}\Rightarrow m=n$ is that the value of $a\ne 0,\pm 1$.