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What do honey, nectar and fruits contain?
A. Galactose
B. Fructose
C. Sucrose
D. Glucose

Last updated date: 22nd Jul 2024
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Hint: The plant produces several types of fruits, seeds and vegetables as well as other plant products such as honey, nectar etc. These products are known as plant produce and are utilized by animals and humans in the form of food etc.

Complete answer:
Honey is a plant product that is a sweet, viscous food substance that is made by the insects known as honey bees. The bees collect the floral nectar produced by the flowers and by enzymatic reactions and evaporation, it is converted into honey. The sweet taste of honey is due to the presence of fructose. It is used extensively as a sweetener, health food and energy booster.
Nectar is a liquid that is produced by the plants in the specialized glands. These glands are known as nectaries or nectarines. They are found within the flowers and are used in the process of pollination. The nectars produced by the flowers attract insects or other pollinating animals. In some cases, it is used as a defense mechanism by the plants. The main component of nectar is sugars such as fructose sugar as the main component as a result it appears sweet in taste. In addition to this, it also contains amino acids and other volatile compounds.
The fruit is the fleshy part of the plant that is associated with seeds. They serve as a source of seed production for the plants. Fruits are relatively higher in sugars especially containing fructose as the main sugar component.
Fructose is also known as fruit sugar. It is a simple ketonic monosaccharide that is found in many plants. It is sweet, and is most readily soluble in water than other sugars. It is found in honey, nectar, fruits and most root vegetables.
Glucose is the simplest type of sugar and is the most abundantly monosaccharides. It is produced by the plants during photosynthesis. Galactose is formed when glucose combines with lactose. It is also known as milk sugar.
Fructose is bound to the glucose to give rise to sucrose which glucose and fructose and water is released.

Hence, the correct answer is option (B).

Note: The main sugar content of honey, nectar as well as fruits is fructose. It is also known as fruit sugars. It is sweet in taste and is found in several types of fruits, root vegetables as well as other plant products such as nectar and honey. It is ketonic in nature.