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Highlight‌ ‌the‌ ‌similarities‌ ‌between‌ ‌Lithium‌ ‌and‌ ‌Magnesium.‌

Last updated date: 18th Mar 2023
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Here, we have lithium and magnesium. As per our modern periodic table, lithium belongs to group $I$ and magnesium belongs to group $II.$ Both of them are positioned diagonal to each other and are known to have a diagonal relationship. We can list out some similarities between the two as follows: In their respective groups, we can see that both these elements are harder and lighter as compared to the other elements in their group. Both these elements form nitrides upon reacting with nitrogen.
Electronegativity is a function of an atom's ability to draw electrons from a bonding pair. The most widely used is the Pauling scale. A value of $4.0$ is given to fluorine (the most electronegative element), and values vary down to cesium and francium which are the least electronegative at $0.7.$