Questions & Answers

What happens if the Golgi apparatus is removed from the cell?
(a) All sorts of vesicle formation stop.
(b) All sorts of protein synthesis stops.
(c) All sorts of fat synthesis stops.
(d) All sorts of enzyme synthesis stops.

Answer Verified Verified
Hint: As an important cell organelle, the Golgi apparatus is involved in the transport of substances outside of the cell. It basically performs packaging of substances and then they are handed over to the endoplasmic reticulum.

Complete answer:
If the Golgi apparatus is removed from the cell, all sorts of vesicle formation will stop. The Golgi apparatus is mainly responsible for transporting, modifying, and packaging of proteins and lipids into vesicles to be delivered to targeted destinations. If the Golgi apparatus is removed from the cell, the vesicles will not be formed in which the proteins and lipids are to be contained before their transport, and also the synthesized proteins and lipids will not be able to reach the targeted destinations where they were required. This hampers the proper growth and development of the organism.

Additional Information:

 -Golgi apparatus is also known as the Golgi complex or Golgi body.
-They are membrane-bound organelle of eukaryotic cells that are formed of cisternae a series of flattened, stacked pouches.
-They are located in the cytoplasm beside the endoplasmic reticulum and near the cell nucleus.
So, the correct answer is, ‘All sorts of vesicle formation stop’.

-Many types of cells contain only one or several Golgi apparatus whereas the plant cells can contain hundreds of Golgi apparatus.
-For the very first time in 1897, the Golgi apparatus was observed by an Italian cytologist Camillo Golgi.
-Approximately four to eight cisternae together constitute the Golgi apparatus. But sometimes in some single-celled organisms, the number may vary up to 60 cisternae.
-The cisternae are held together with the help of matrix proteins, and the entire Golgi apparatus is supported by cytoplasmic microtubules.
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