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Haemodialysis helps the patient having
A. Goitre
B. Anaemia
C. Uremia
D. Diabetes

Last updated date: 24th Jul 2024
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Hint: We will split the word haemodialysis. The word ‘haem’ means blood and ‘dialysis’ means one of the treatments done to kidneys when they fail to function. In dialysis, all the waste products are removed as the kidneys fail to do its function. There are two types of dialysis which are haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In peritoneal dialysis, wastes from the blood are collected with the help of fluid that is injected into the abdominal cavity.

Complete answer:
The basic idea of dialysis is now clear. Let us know about the different diseases mentioned over there. Goitre is the disease where the thyroid gland shows a swelling due to iron deficiency. Anaemia is the condition where the skin becomes pale due to insufficient healthy red blood cells. Uremia is the condition where high amounts of waste enter your bloodstream instead of going out through urine. Diabetes is a condition where there are high levels of sugars in your blood. By the above explanation, it is clear that haemodialysis is something which is related to uremia. Kidneys whose normal function is to remove all the wastes from the body fail to function properly in case of uremia and hence dialysis is used. In dialysis, artificial kidney is used to filter your blood, whereas in haemodialysis blood is circulated through a machine called dialysis.

Hence, the correct answer is option B.

Kidneys in our body play a very important role in excretion of products like urea,amino acids,salts, creatinine and many others. A person suffering from uremia shows excess amounts of urea and creatine than the normal ones. Elevated creatinine levels are a sign of kidney failure and can also cause prostate cancer in adults. For this reason, creatinine levels must be checked during a blood test.