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Gold number is a measure of:
A.The amount of gold present in colloidal solution
B.The amount of gold required to break the colloid
C.The amount of gold requires to protect the colloid
D.None of these

Last updated date: 19th Jun 2024
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Hint: Gold number is the measure of efficiency to protect a colloidal solution from precipitation. If smaller the gold number value, higher the protective power of the colloid.

Complete answer:
Gold number: It can be defined as the number of milligrams of the protective colloid required to just prevent the precipitation of 10 cc of a gold sol by the addition of 10% NaCl solution.
Gold number is the degree of the minimum amount of lyophilic protective colloid coated (in mg.) on lyophobic particles to prevent the precipitation as shown in figure.
seo images

All the given options (A, B, and C) are not matching with the definition of the gold number.
Therefore the correct option is D, None of these.

Additional information:

Protective colloidGold number (in mg/cL)
Gelatin0.005 - 0.01
Haemoglobin0.03 – 0.07
Potato Starch20-25
Gum Arabic0.15 - 0.25
Sodium oleate1 - 5
Dextrin125 - 150

From the above table we can say that Gelatin has higher protective power of the colloid because the gold number for gelatin is too less compared to other protective colloids.

Note: The influence of the hydrophilic colloid to stop the precipitation of a lyophobic colloid by the addition of an electrolyte depends upon the nature of the colloidal solution. The protective character of many hydrophilic substances can be stated quantitatively by using gold numbers.