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Glucose and amino acids are reabsorbed in the
A Proximal convoluted tubule
B Loop of Henle
C Distal convoluted tubule
D Collecting duct

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Last updated date: 23rd May 2024
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Answer
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Hint: The nephron is the kidney's minute or microscopic structural and functional unit.

Complete answer:
A renal corpuscle (glomerulus within Bowman's capsule), an intermediate tubule (Loop of Henle) a proximal tubule (convoluted and straight components), a connecting tubule, a distal convoluted tubule and cortical, outer tubules are all present.
Role of carbohydrate in body:
The word glucose is derived from the Greek word for "sweet." It's a type of sugar that your body gets from the foods you eat and uses for energy. Insulin is a hormone that transports glucose from the bloodstream into cells for energy and storage.
Role of amino acid in body:
Amino acids, also known as protein building blocks, are compounds that play a variety of important roles in your body. They are required for vital processes such as protein synthesis and hormone and neurotransmitter synthesis.
Parts of nephron and their role
1. The proximal nephron absorbs approximately two-thirds of filtered sodium without separating salt and water absorption and carbohydrates.
2. The thick ascending limb absorbs $25\%$ of filtered $Na^+$ but none of the water.
3. The distal nephron absorbs $10\%$ of filtered $Na^+$ in close proximity to $K^+$ and, to a lesser extent, $H^+$ secretion.
4. Finally, the collecting duct is composed of three types of cells: the cortical collecting duct, which is responsible not only for $Na^+$ absorption and $K^+$ secretion, but also for the majority of free water absorption.
Substances useful to the body, such as glucose and amino acids, are reabsorbed from the tubule in the proximal tubule.

So, the correct answer is option A

Note:
Nephron is made up of two parts: a renal corpuscle and a renal tubule. The renal corpuscle is made up of a tuft of capillaries known as a glomerulus and an enveloping Bowman's capsule. The renal tubule is a tube that extends from the capsule.