Courses for Kids
Free study material
Offline Centres
Store Icon

Give an example of a plant with scattered vascular bundles.

Last updated date: 15th Jul 2024
Total views: 348k
Views today: 7.48k
348k+ views
Hint: In vascular plants, the vascular bundle is a component of the transport system. The transport takes place in the stem, which comes in two varieties: xylem and phloem. Both of these tissues are found in a vascular bundle, which also contains supporting and protective tissues.

Complete answer:
The xylem is usually located axially, while the phloem is located abaxially. This means that the xylem is closer to the center of the stem or root, while the phloem is closer to the outside. The adaxial surface of a leaf is usually on the upper side, while the abaxial surface is on the lower side. This is why aphids are more commonly found on the underside of a leaf than on the top since the sugars manufactured by the plant are transported by the phloem, which is closer to the lower surface.
Vascular bundles are skull-shaped and dispersed throughout the ground tissue. Vascular bundles are classified as conjoint, collateral, endarch, or closed. Each vascular bundle is encased in a few layers of sclerenchyma cells known as the bundle sheath. The organization of vascular tissues differs between plant types, ranging from monocots' scattered vascular bundles (containing both xylem and phloem) to dicots' more orderly ring formation.
As a monocot plant, maize has scattered vascular bundles. Monocot plants only have one cotyledon. Monocots have a fibrous root system, and their leaves have parallel venation.
Garlic, onions, wheat, corn and grass, rice, maize, bamboo, palm, banana, ginger, lilies, daffodils, iris, orchids, bluebells, tulips, and amaryllis are some examples.

The bundle-sheath cells are photosynthetic cells that form a tightly packed sheath around a leaf's vein. It is composed of one or more cell layers, usually parenchyma, and forms a protective covering on leaf veins. Mesophyll cells are loosely arranged between the bundle sheath and the leaf surface.